TKG does not use rewards & punishments to motivate students. Everything we do in the classroom has a foundation of relationship. Our communication strategies are not driven by praise (“good job!” “you’re so pretty!” “if you do this you’ll get…”) because it changes our perspective of ourselves and reduces motivation. We support and encourage children through empowering them to solve their problems, encouraging them to think about different perspectives and in helping them practice perseverance.
As Dr. Laura Markham outlines: “There’s now a wealth of research demonstrating that kids who are punished are LESS likely to make positive moral choices. That’s because:
- Punishment focuses a child on the “consequences” he is suffering, rather than on the consequences of his behavior to someone else, so it makes him more self-centered and less empathic.
- Punishment makes a child feel like he’s a bad person, which is always a self-fulfilling prophecy, so he’s more likely to repeat the bad behavior.
- The most salient lesson of punishment is to avoid it in the future by sneaking and lying to escape detection, so punishment fosters dishonesty.
- Because kids invariably consider punishment unfair, it teaches kids that might makes right and abuse of power is ok — which makes kids less likely to make moral choices.
- Punishment–yes, even timeouts–erode our relationship with our child, so that he isn’t as invested in pleasing us. And the more disconnected he feels from us, the worse his behavior.
- Because punishment doesn’t help a child with the emotions that drove her to act out to begin with, those emotions just get stuffed down, only to pop up again later and cause a repeat of the misbehavior.
- Punishment makes a child feel wronged, and creates a “chip on the shoulder” so she’s likely to resent making amends.
- Punishment makes kids look out only for themselves and blame others, rather than caring about how their behavior affects others.
- Punishment creates an external locus of control — the authority figure. The child actually comes to see the parent as responsible for making her behave, rather than taking responsibility for her behavior as her own choice.
Read More on Why Punishment Doesn’t Teach Your Child Accountability on Aha Parenting, here
Read more in “Five Reasons to Stop Saying Good Job” by Alfie Kohn (Good Job)